The existence of God
I am assuming not everyone believes in the existence of God, so I am going to begin by presenting just one of the many arguments or evidences for the existence of Yahweh the God of the Bible. I am going to present a version of the cosmological argument for God’s existence, then I will address the issue of who created God.
The argument goes like this, according to the law of cause and effect or the law of causality, every effect must have a cause, and an efficient cause for that matter. Let’s go through the following premises and see how they lead to a logical conclusion in favor of the existence of God.
Everything that begins to exist is an effect that must have a cause.
The universe began to exist
Therefore the universe must have a cause
And the conclusion is, the universe had a cause
From observing an effect, a person can come up with some of the characteristics of the cause, like the way crime investigators often come up with some of the characteristics of the offender for example in a murder case, from observing the effect which is the dead victim. Let’s now try coming up with some of the characteristics of the possible cause of the universe. The Entity responsible for the creation of the universe must have the following characteristics.
- Timelessness: time is part of the universe, time came into existence when the universe came into existence. Therefore, the entity responsible for causing the existence of the universe must be outside of time, the Entity must be timeless.
- Space-lessnes: space is part of the universe, therefore the Entity responsible for creating the universe must exist outside of space. The Entity must be space less.
- Immateriality: everything perceivable by the five human senses, including energy is made of matter. Everything that has a physical form including human beings, animals and plants, is made of matter. Matter began to exist when the universe came into existence. Therefore the Entity responsible for the existence of the universe must exist without matter. The Entity must be immaterial.
- Omnipotence: the Entity must be extremely powerful if not omnipotent, to have the ability to cause the universe to come into existence from nothing and sustain it.
- Eternity: nothing plus nothing equals nothing, if you take nothing and put it in a container then wait for a million years, what will you get? You guessed it, nothing. Nothing will never result into anything. Therefore, if there was a point in time when nothing existed, then nothing should exist today. But something exists today, you exist, I exist the universe exists. That means that there was no point in time when nothing existed that would live us with two options, either the universe has existed in eternity or the Entity responsible for creating the universe is an eternal Entity. Science has proven that the universe began to exist at some point, therefore the Entity responsible for the existence of the universe must be eternal.
- Personality: the Entity responsible for creating the universe must be a personal being. When we observe the universe especially focusing on the Milky Way galaxy, it is quite clear that the universe seems to have been purposefully fine-tuned to support human life on earth. For example, if the sun was slightly further or nearer, the earth would either be too cold to live in or too hot for life. The size of the earth is just right, the size of a planet determine its atmospheric composition, if the earth had been slightly smaller, it would have a gravitational force too small to retain any atmosphere at all, a good example being mercury which has no atmosphere at all and with a gravitational force too small to retain nitrogen, oxygen and even water vapor. If the earth had been larger, it would allow into its atmosphere large amounts of gases poisonous to any life form known to man so far, a good example is Jupiter, which happens to be a gaseous giant unable to support any life. But the size of Jupiter is not for nothing, we often have meteors flying around in space, we usually have meteors as big as the earth itself at times moving towards the earth, imagine a meteor as big as earth striking earth, but worry not, Jupiter normally acts like a shield, blocking most of the dangerous meteors preventing them from striking the earth. These are just a few among the hundreds of details and conditions that have to be just right within the universe for humans to survive on earth.
The universe looks like it was fine-tuned to support human life, which means the Entity responsible for the existence of the universe must have thought through, planned and designed this whole thing for a purpose, and only a personal being can do that.
Now that we have come up with some of the characteristics for the Entity that can plausibly pass as the creator of the universe, let’s try figuring out exactly who or what this Entity is. Everything that exists is either mind or matter, we have clearly demonstrated that the Entity responsible for creating the universe cannot be made of any matter because if it were made of matter, it would have a physical form and if it had a physical form, it would require space but space is part of the created universe, so the Entity responsible for creating the universe cannot have a physical form, if it had a physical form it would require time to exist but time is part of the created universe so the Entity responsible for creating the universe cannot be matter or made of matter. We are now left with only one option, mind. The Entity responsible for creating the universe is a mind, an embodied mind. You might object and say that mind is part of the brain and that the brain is a physical thing made of matter, in which case you will have to take it up with the Australian physiologist Sir. Eccles who among many more brain scientists have demonstrated that the mind is an immaterial and space-less Entity separate from the brain. He said “the mind is to the brain what a librarian is to the library.” Basically the mind is a separate entity not perceivable by the five human senses which runs the brain. Just so that you don’t dismiss him easily, Dr. Eccles won a Nobel Prize in physiology and medicine because of his discoveries related to the neuro synapse. The man studied the brain for more than 30 years, he knows what he is talking about. You can read more about his work on the relationship between the brain and the mind in his book co-authored with the renowned Philosopher of science Sir Kirl Popper, named ,’the brain and the self’.
So now it is quite evident from science that the mind exists as a separate entity in an immaterial and space less form. And since that is the only option left of a being that could poses the above discussed characteristics including personality, then the cause or creator of the universe is a mind without a body or a Spirit. We call that Spirit God. The Mind of God is however special and unique better and way more advanced than any human minds, see this Mind is eternal, had no beginning, but the human mind had a beginning. This Mind of God is extremely powerful, powerful enough to speak the universe into existence, but while the human mind can run the brain enabling the physical body to perform its actions, it cannot create anything from nothing.
Now, why do I say that this Entity, this Mind, this Spirit being responsible for creating the universe is Yahweh the God of the Bible?
Yahweh is timeless: 2 Peter 3: “But do not forget this one thing, dear friends: With the Lord a day is like a thousand years and a thousand years are like a day.”
Yahweh is space-less: 1 Kings 8; 27, “But will God dwell on the earth? Behold, heaven and the highest heaven cannot contain you, how much less this house which I built! “ Psalms 139:7-10 among others.
Yahweh is immaterial: Colossians 1:15, ‘He is the image of the invisible God, the first born over all creation.” 1 Timothy 1; 17, “Now to the eternal King, immortal, invisible…”
Yahweh is extremely powerful/omnipotent: Colossians 1; 6, “For by Him all things were created, in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible…”
Yahweh is eternal: Revelations 22:13, “I am the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last….” 1 Timothy 1; 17, ‘now to the eternal king…”
Yahweh is personal: the Bible talks of God having a plan for us, it talks of God loving the elect etc.
From the above discussion it’s quite clear that believing in the existence of God is not stupidity. The existence of Yahweh is a very logical fact.
Who created God?
Who created God? First of all, that question can be classified as a categorical fallacy in philosophy. It is like me asking you, “do you think color green loves me?”, or saying something like, ‘that tall guy is very short” or asking if you can draw a squared circle. This are categorical fallacies, why? Because the concept of love does not apply to color, so it is absurd to ask whether or not color green loves me, if something is a square, it cannot be a circle so you can’t ask me to draw a squared circle. Same thing, the concept of being created does not apply to an eternal entity, God is an eternal entity that means He requires no creation at all. But what about the law of causality? The law of cause and effect states that every effect must have a cause and an effect is anything that begins to happen, like the way the universe began to exist. God is eternal, He did not begin to exist, so the law of cause and effect does not apply to him.
But let’s assume for argument’s sake that God required a creator. First of all, God would no longer be God, his creator would. You see the very definition of God requires non-creation. Secondly, we have already established that if there was a point in time when nothing existed then nothing would exist today, but something exists today, therefore there was no point in time when nothing existed. With this in mind, if God required a creator, then his creator would require a creator, and the creator of the creator of God would also require a creator, who would require a creator who would require a creator and the chain would continue regressing to infinity. But this is absurd and impossible philosophically and mathematically, think about it, if say I began running from point A to point B, and the distance between point A and point B is infinite, will I ever get to point B? Absolutely not, if I can get to point B, then the distance is not infinite, it is finite. If the distance was infinite, mathematically and philosophically speaking, I should never get to point B. same thing, if the chain of creators creating creators regresses to infinity, then the universe should not have been created, we should never have gotten to the creator who created the universe just like running from point A to B across an infinite distance would mean never getting to point B. That and the fact that a regressive chain of creators creating creators would be a violation of the Occam’s razor principle which states that entities are not to be multiplied beyond necessity, that would be like killing a mosquito with a sledge hammer when you can simply squeeze it dead with your fingers.
The back must stop somewhere, and since it is impossible for there to be a point in time when nothing existed, the back then stops at one eternal infinite being out of necessity, and that being is Yahweh.
The case for the existence of God, Bert Thompson Ph.D.
Systematic Theology; the doctrine of God, Dr. Ec Bragg
Systematic Theology, Vincent Cheung
Why I am a Christian; leading thinkers explain why they believe, Norman Geisler and Paul K. Hoffman editors.
Video lecture on the problem of evil and the atheist dilemma by David wood of Acts 17 apologetics