Sunday, January 20, 2019
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LIGHT

Light, the most basic element in photography. The name itself literally means drawing with light; drawn from the Greek words ‘phös’ meaning light and ‘graphé’ meaning drawing. Just as light enables the human eye to see, so does it enable the camera to capture photographs. Without light, you cannot take a shot unless that of darkness.

Therefore, when taking a photograph, you should ensure that your subject is well lit. This is important especially when you want your subject to be well visible. Natural light, like sunlight, is the best source of light. Alternative sources like candles, coloured bulbs, lamps and any other sources can be used too as they may at times bring about an artistic effect. The key point is having enough light as you cannot add light by editing to a shot taken in dim light.
Light, being essential, is aided by various phone camera settings to help you get it right in different conditions.
  1. Exposure– This is the brightness or darkness of an image. You can open your camera app and just press the shutter button, take your shots. That’s for normal people. For pros, you adjust your exposure by touching any point on the screen. When you touch the bright parts, the photo darkens and when you touch the dark part, it brightens.
  2. Brightness– This is a setting found in almost all camera apps. It helps brighten or darkness an image. The problem is that increasing brightness causes a lot of digital noise. I would advise you to take your shot and edit the brightness later.
  3. ISO– This in photography is a number that indicates how sensitive your camera is to light at a given setting. The lower the number, the less sensitive the sensor is to light and vice versa. Learn more on ISO here.
  4. HDR– It stands for High dynamic Range. When you select HDR mode on your camera app, it takes mutiple shots in quick succession at different exposure levels, combines them to give a single shot with a higher range of colours and brightnesses. Learn more about HDR here.
  5. White Balance(WB)- This helps you to balance the colour cast in an image caused by lighting conditions to ensure that anything that appears white to your eyes also appears white in the image. Learn more about WB here
The most important rule in photography is that there is no hard set rule to follow. Photography is art. Play around with light, shadows and silhouettes can do wonders for your shots. You can try tweaking your settings to find what is most appealing to you. Learn and share and interact with me in the comments!
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